In the previous posts, here and here,  we talked about the different strategies you could put in place to reduce naturally your cholesterol levels.

The strategies were




1/ Exercise every day

2/ Drink water – at least ½ your weight in ounce

3/ Reduce the food that makes your cholesterol go out of balance

4/ Increase the food that makes your cholesterol in balance

In this post we’ll talk about the natural supplements you can add to your diet to help reduce the LDL – cholesterol levels in your blood.

So our fifth strategies is:

5/ Take the right natural supplement
spirulina3The first we’ll talk about is of course spirulina!

Several laboratory and clinical studies have shown a reduction of cholesterol (you can find the reference at the end of this post).

All in all, the results of the studies show that taking Spirulina helps in the reduction of Cholesterol levels.  Scientists are today studying the action mechanisms of spirulina on cholesterol levels. Today it is believed that spirulina is probably involved in the normalization of dyslipidemia (= problem with blood lipids levels – cholesterol is a lipid) on different levels. Its action could be related its rich content of difference substance like:

1/ its fatty acid (α-linolenic (omega 3) and γ-linolenic and linoleic (omega 6 cholesterol))

2/ its vitamin E (antioxidants α-β-γ-δ-tocopherol)

3/ its beta-carotene (antioxidant precursor of vitamin A, with no retinol sometimes toxic),

4/ or the group of vitamins B, particularly B12, whose content are exceptional and its very high content in niacin – vit B3, whose action on cholesterol is known). This entire complex of vitamin B seems to have a regulating effect on blood cholesterol.

In addition to this, the effectiveness in standardization of cholesterol levels could also be, at least in part, related to the ability of Spirulina to reduce overall oxidative stress. Indeed, spirulina is particularly rich in powerful antioxidants such as phycocyanin, the β-carotene, vitamin E, zinc, selenium, superoxide dismutase. Spirulina  has antioxidant properties and radical scavenging.

The general concensuss is to take about 10gr per day. This seems a lot when you have to take 500 mg tablets (yes, that;s about 2o of them), but if you include spiurlina in your food (like in your smoothies, crakers, pop-corns, etc) then it’s really not that much. I take about 15 gr every day, and wouldn’t go without it! Check out our recipes if you need some inspirations.

Another very good natural supplement to add to your diet if you want to reduce your cholesterol levels is Red Yeast Rice (RYR).  This yeast grown on rice has been use in Asia for centuries to treat digestive and circulatory problems. The first document dates from the Tang Dynasty in 800 A.D.

RYRRYR contains a lot of different compounds known as monacolin K that are known to inhibit cholesterol synthesis. It is actually a naturally occurring form of statin. RYR is supper efficient to reduce cholesterol levels which pose a problem to the FDA. Their position is that RYR products that contain monacolin K, identical to a drug and, thus, subject to regulation as a drug. And the FDA initiated action to ban a product containing red yeast rice extract.

Shortly thereafter, the FDA sent Warning Letters to companies selling red yeast rice. The product disappeared from the market for a few years. In 2003,  red yeast rice products began to reappear in the U.S. market. As of 2010, there are at least 30 brands available. Many of these avoid the FDA restriction by not having any appreciable monacolin content.

More about this discussion here

 

And the last natural supplment we are going to talk about today is :  Artichoke leaf extract

Research suggest that artichoke leaf extract (Cynara scolymnus) may help to lower cholesterol by

1/ limiting the synthesis of cholesterol in the body.

2/ increase cholesterol excretion thanks to a compound called cynarin. Cynarin increases bile production in the liver, which increases the flow of bile from the gallbladder.

 

So know that you know how you can reduce your cholesterol naturally – DO IT!

You will be so much better without statin drugs!

 

References:

MAZO VK, Gmoshinskiĭ IV, Zilova IS. (2004) : Microalgae Spirulina in human nutrition (article in russian)  –  Vopr Pitan. 2004;73(1):45-53.

Abstract : <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15049159>

NONGPORN HUTADILOK-Towatana, Wantana Reanmongkol and Pharkphoom Panichayupakaranant (2010) : Evaluation of the toxicity of Arthrospira (Spirulina) platensis extract  –  Journal of Applied Phycology – Volume 22, Number 5, 599-605.
abstract : <http://www.springerlink.com/content/n382457xx5t5j014/>
In Extenso : <https://springerlink3.metapress.com/content/n382457xx5t5j014/resource-secured/?target=fulltext.pdf&sid=khvcnibfrzuprcwmjj40kvte&sh=www.springerlink.com>

BASHANDY S. A., Alhazza I. M., El-Desoky G. E. and Al-Othman Z. A. (2011) :  Hepatoprotective and hypolipidemic effects of Spirulina platensis in rats administered mercuric chloride  –  African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology Vol. 5(2), pp. 175-182, February 2011

In Extenso: http://www.academicjournals.org/ajpp

  •  CHEONG SH, Kim MY, Sok DE, Hwang SY, Kim JH, Kim HR, Lee JH, Kim YB, Kim MR. (2010) : Spirulina prevents atherosclerosis by reducing hypercholesterolemia in rabbits fed a high-cholesterol diet.  J Nutr Sci Vitaminol (Tokyo). 2010;56(1):34-40.

In Extenso : http://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/jnsv/56/1/56_34/_article

  • MRIDHA. Omar Faruq M., Parvin Noor, Rahima Khaton, Dipa Islamb and Motaher Hossain (2010) :  Effect of Spirulina platensis on Lipid Profile of Long Evans Rats  –  Bangladesh J. Sci. Ind. Res. 45(3), 249-254, 2010

In Extenso : [PDF] à partir de banglajol.info

  • COLLA Luciane Maria , Ana Luiza Muccillo-Baisch and Jorge Alberto Vieira Costa (2008) :  Spirulina platensis Effects on the Levels of Total Cholesterol, HDL and Triacylglycerols in Rabbits Fed with a Hypercholesterolemic Diet  –  Brazilian Archives of Biology-and Technology  Vol.51, n. 2 : pp.405-411, March-April 2008

In Extenso : [pdf] http://www.scielo.br/pdf/babt/v51n2/a22v51n2.pdf

  • NAGAOKA Satoshi, Kazuo Shimizu, Hideki Kaneko, Fumi Shibayama, Kensei Morikawa, Yoshihiro Kanamaru, Ayako Otsuka, Tomohiro Hirahashi, and Toshimitsu Kato  (2005) : A Novel Protein C-Phycocyanin Plays a Crucial Role in the Hypocholesterolemic Action of Spirulina platensis Concentrate in Rats  –  J. Nutr. October 1, 2005 vol. 135 no. 10 2425-2430

In Extenso : http://jn.nutrition.org/content/135/10/2425.full.pdf+html

  • KONG Xiu-qin, DAI Wei-min, GE Hai-tao, et al.  (2003) :  Studies on the hypolipidemic effects of gamma-linolenic acid methyl ester derived from Spirulina maxima  –   Chinese Journal of Marine Drugs, 2003, 06

Abstract : http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-HYYW200306007.htm

  • CRUCHOT Hélène  (2008) thèse de doctorat Univ. de Montpellier « La spiruline : bilan et perspectives »

In Extenso :  http://spiruline.hautetfort.com/list/documents/2012818299.pdf

  • KURDIKERI Smitha M. (2006) : Effect of Spirulina on lipid profile of hyperlipidémics..-  Thesis submitted to the University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad June 2006

In Extenso : http://www.cyanotech.com/pdfs/spirulina/sptl29.PDF

  • DENG Ruitang & Te-Jin Chow (2010) :  Hypolipidemic, Antioxidant, and Antiinflammatory Activities of Microalgae Spirulina – Cardiovascular Therapeutics Volume 28, Issue 4, pages e33–e45, August 2010

In Extenso : http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1755-5922.2010.00200.x/full

  • PARK HJ, Lee YJ, Ryu HK, Kim MH, Chung HW, Kim WY. (2008) : . A randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled study to establish the effects of spirulina in elderly Koreans.   –  87Ann Nutr Metab. 2008;52(4):322-8. Epub 2008 Aug 19.
  • TORRES-DURAN Patricia V, Aldo Ferreira-Hermosillo and Marco A Juarez-Oropeza  (2007) :    Antihyperlipemic and antihypertensive effects of Spirulina maxima in an open sample of mexican population: a preliminary report  –  Lipids in Health and Disease 2007, 6:33

In Extenso : http://www.lipidworld.com/content/6/1/33

  • SHENDURNIKAR N., N Agrawal, US Nayak, et al. (2005) : Spirulina supplementation in pediatric nephrotic syndrome  –  Bulletin of the Indian Pediatric Nephrology Group January 2005 Volume 6; No. 1

<http://www.ispn-online.org/bulletins/January2005.pdf>

  • IONOV  VA, Basova MM. (2003) : Use of blue-green micro-seaweed Spirulina platensis for the correction of lipid and hemostatic disturbances in patients with ischemic heart disease.  –  Vopr Pitan. 2003;72(6):28-31. [Article in Russian]

Abstract : http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14870586

  • SAMUELS.R., MANI. U.V., IYER.U.M. And NAYAK U.S.  (2002) :  Hypocholesterolemic Effect of Spirulina in Patients with Hyperlipidemic Nephrotic Syndrome  –   Journal of Medicinal Food. June 2002, 5(2): 91-96. doi:10.1089/109662002760178177.

Abstract : <http://www.liebertonline.com/doi/abs/10.1089/109662002760178177>
In Extenso : <http://www.liebertonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1089/109662002760178177>

  • PARIKH P,  MANI U, IYER U. (2001) : Role of Spirulina in the Control of Glycemia and Lipidemia  in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.  –  J Med Food. 2001 Winter;4(4):193-199.

In Extenso : <http://www.cyanotech.com/pdfs/spirulina/sptl02.pdf>
<http://www.liebertonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1089/10966200152744463>

  • RAMAMOORTHY Amahudha  and S. Premakumari (1996) : Effect of supplementation of Spirulina on Hypercholesterolemic patients  –  J. Food Sci. Technol. 1996, Vol 33, N°2, 124-128.

In Extenso : http://www.cyanotech.com/pdfs/spirulina/sptl29.PDF

  • NAYAKA. N,  Homa Y, Goto Y.. (1988). Cholesterol lowering effect of spirulina. – Tokai Univ. Pub. in Nutrition Reports Int’l, Vol. 37, No. 6, 1329-1337. Japan.

Abstract : http://www.spirulinasource.com/library-cholesterol.html

  • Mayo Clinic Staff (2011: ) :   Statin side effects: Weigh the benefits and risks

In extenso : <http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/statin-side-effects/MY00205>

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In Extenso : <http://www.nhs.uk/news/2010/05May/Pages/side-effects-of-statins-studied.aspx>

  • De Rivera C, Miranda-Zamora R, Diaz-Zagoya JC, Juarez-Oropeza M. Preventive effect of Spirulina maxima on the fatty liver induced by a fructose-rich diet in the rat. Life Sciences.1993 ; 53 : 57-61.
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